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Vegetable Seed Start Dates

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Note: The dates listed on the chart for recommended transplant out dates are just a guideline. The Spring here can sometimes throw a curveball your way. Vegetables started indoors will be more tender than those started outdoors. Keep this in mind when planting out and be sure to check the weather. Many vegetables are able to be seeded directly outside, this is often the easiest way as you don't have to transplant hundreds of seedlings.

If there is a variety your considering starting but it is not listed below, follow the dates for a "like" vegetable. ie: for a type of radish not listed; follow the general radish guidelines for planting dates. Germination time may vary slightly but usually not more than a few days from variety to variety. There are always new hybrid varieties becoming available that generally will do quite well compared to their well tested counterparts.

Most plants started indoors need hardening off, even hardy ones. They are used to the controlled conditions indoors and need to be acclimatized to the conditions outdoors.

    Hardening Off:
  • As the weather gets nicer start putting the plants outside during the day and bringing them in at night.
  • After about 2 weeks the plants should be hardened off, start this process about 2 weeks before the plant out times, weather permitting of course.
  • Some young plants are tender to frost and near frost conditions and need to be brought in at night, sometimes this weather will last into June.
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Beans, green bush
Blue Lake Stringless65early Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Royal Burgundy55 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Stringless Green Pod50 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Tendergreen Improved55 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Beans, yellow bush
Improved Golden Wax55 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Kidney Wax50 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Yellow Yard Long50 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Pencil Pod Black Wax50 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Beans, broad
Broad Windsor65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeksmid-late May
Beans, pole
Blue Lake Stringless65 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Kentucky Wonder65 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Romano60 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Scarlet Runner65 daysearly Mayearly June1-2 weekslate May
Beets
Cylindra Formanova66 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysmid-late May
Detroit Dark Red63 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysmid-late May
Early Wonder65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysmid-late May
Golden Detroit55 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysmid-late May
Ruby Queen55 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysmid-late May
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Broccoli
Green Sprouting60-80 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weekslate April-early May better results from indoor transplants
Hybrid Premium70 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weeks
Munchkin70 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weeks
Brussel Sprout
Jade Cross Hybrid110 daysearly Aprilearly May1 weekrecommend indoor seeding
Long Island Improved90 daysearly Aprilearly May1 weekrecommend indoor seeding
Bright Hybrid160-180 dayslate Februaryearly May1 weekrecommend indoor seeding
Cabbage
Early Copenhagen68 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Gonzales Hybrid60 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Red Acre68 daysearly Aprilearly May1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Carrots
Imperator Long75 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Little Finger50 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Purple Haze Hybrid70 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Red Cored Chantenay68 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Red Cored Danvers65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Scarlet Nantes68 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Tendersnax Hybrid85 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
Valor Hybrid80 daysrecommend outdoor seeding10 daysearly May-early June
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Cauliflower
Early Snowball55 daysearly Aprilearly May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Candid Charm Hybrid65 daysearly Aprilearly May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Corn
Canadian Early Supersweet70 dayslate Aprillate May1-2 weeksmid-late May
Honey & Cream72 dayslate Aprillate May1-2 weeksmid-late May
Northern Extra Sweet70 dayslate Aprillate May1-2 weeksmid-late May
Cucumber
Burpless Hybrids75 dayslate Aprillate May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Earliest Mincu50 dayslate Aprillate May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
English Telegraph75 dayslate Aprillate May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Straight Eight60 dayslate Aprillate May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Sweet Slice60 dayslate Aprillate May10 daysrecommend indoor seeding
Kale
Chinese Green Lance60 daysearly Aprilearly May2 weekslate April or late fall
Green Curled65 daysearly Aprilearly May2 weekslate April or late fall
Kohlrabi
Grand Duke50 daysearly Aprilearly May2 weeksmid May-July
Kolibri Hybrid50 daysearly Aprilearly May2 weeksmid May-July
Redbor Hybrid55 daysearly Aprilearly May2 weeksmid May-July
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Lettuce
Buttercrunch70 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Cos (Romaine)70 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Early Curled Simpson50 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Iceberg75 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Prizehead Leaf45 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Red Sails50 daysmid Aprilmid May10 daysearly May-early July
Leek
King Richard75 dayslate Aprilearly June1-2 weeksearly May
Monstrous Carentan120 daysearly Marchearly June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding or seed outdoors in late fall before ground freeze up
Pandora140 daysearly Marchearly June1-2 weeks
Onions
Annual Bunching70 daysearly Marchmid May2 weeksuse onion bulb sets and plant out in early May or when soil is workable
Early Yellow Globe90 daysearly Marchmid May2 weeks
Sweet Spanish Hybrid110 daysearly Marchmid May2 weeks
Ruby Ring Hybrid110 daysearly Marchmid May2 weeks
Sturon150 daysearly Februarymid May2 weeks
Parsnips
Hollow Crown130 daysrecommend outdoor seeding3-4 weekslate fall or early spring
The Student160 daysrecommend outdoor seeding3-4 weekslate fall or early spring
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Peas
Alaska55 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weekas soon as soil is workable you are able to start seeding your peas. Two week intervals between plantings will mean continual harvests throughout the year.
Edible Pod Snow65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 week
Green Arrow62 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 week
Lincoln Homesteader65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 week
Little Marvel60 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 week
Sugarsnap70 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 week
Peppers
Bell Boy70 daysmid Februaryearly June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Habenero Magnum (hot)90 daysmid Februaryearly June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Jalapeno (hot)70 daysmid Februaryearly June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Superchili Hybrid (hot)80 daysmid Februaryearly June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Potatoes
Caribeearly seasonalways start potatoes outside from seed potatoes1-2 weeks to sprout, mound potatoes with soil as they growto see more about seed potatoes click here
Kennebecmid season
Pontiac Redmid season
Yukon Goldmid season
Pumpkins
Atlantic Giant125 daysearly-mid Februaryearly-mid June2-3 weeksalways start indoors, transplant into bigger pots indoors as necessary, until moving outside
Small Sugar110 daysearly-mid Februaryearly-mid June2-3 weeks
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Radish
Crimson Giant30 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weeklate April-early June
Cherry Belle24 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weeklate April-early June
French Breakfast25 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weeklate April-early June
White Icicle30 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weeklate April-early June
Rutabaga & Turnip
Early Snowball40 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeksas soon as soil is workable
Manchester Market70 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeks
Purple Top55 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeks
Sweet Laurentian90 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeks
Golden Globe50 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-2 weeks
Spinach
Longstanding Bloomsdale45 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-3 weeksearly May or late Fall
Matador45 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-3 weeksearly May or late Fall
King Of Denmark58 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-3 weeksearly May or late Fall
Regal30 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1-3 weeksearly May or late Fall
Squash (summer)
Gold Rush (yellow zucchini)55 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Super Select (green zucchini)48 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
White Scallop50 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Squash (winter)
Buttercup100 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Butternut90 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
Sugar Pie Pumpkin110 dayslate Aprillate May-early June1-2 weeksrecommend indoor seeding
VarietyDays to HarvestIndoor Start DateTransplant OutsideGermination TimeOutdoor Seeding*
Swiss Chard
Bright Lights60 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weekearty-mid May
Fordhook Giant55 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weekearty-mid May
Rhubarb65 daysrecommend outdoor seeding1 weekearty-mid May
Tomatoes
Beefsteak80 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeksAlways start indoors, will need to be transplanted into larger pots indoors as needed until they can be put outside. Recommend always growing tomatoes in containers or raised beds instead of directly in the garden.
Black Cherry80 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Cherry Roma80 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Early Girl52 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Manitoba60 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Pomodoro75 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeksAlways start indoors, will need to be transplanted into larger pots indoors as needed until they can be put outside. Recommend always growing tomatoes in containers or raised beds instead of directly in the garden.
Sub Arctic Plenty50 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Sungold90 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Sweet 10070 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Tiny Tim55 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks
Tumbler55 daysmid February-early MarchAfter last frost1-2 weeks

Remember this is just a guidline, seeds may take longer to germinate or grow and this can vary based on what kind of conditions each seed is grown in. See us in store and we will do our best to answer all of your questions.

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